Allred Family Organization 
Identify and Unite the Allred Family Through 
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Newsletter #100 Fall 2014

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An Allred Time Line

1580 – 1762

A compilation of research collected and organized by Linda Allred Cooper

CLARIFICATION

I want to clarify the fact that I did not do all this research by myself!!!  I will claim credit for some of it – but the rest was simply gathered and organized after being sent to me by others.  This was done so I could step back and see what information I had collected – what was documented and what was not. 

As you read through the Time Line, please note all the citations which give credit to the researcher or researchers who actually uncovered the information / documentation.  Whenever possible, copies of the documentation are included. 

As more research and information is found and documented, it will be added to this new “data base” in hopes of being more organized – and to keep from duplicating the work of others.

You’ll find this Time Line seems to tell a story.  Keep in mind that all family relationships have not been proved completely!  For example, yes, a man named Solomon Allred was born in 1680 in Eccles Parish, Lancashire, England.  Yes, a man named Solomon Allred shows up on tax lists in Chester County, PA in the 1720’s.  And yes, a man named Solomon Allred shows up in land records in North Carolina in 1752.  But, is this the same man – or just a coincidence?  This is an example of the questions we continue to seek answers to.
Linda
 

Time Line

1580 – William Pemberton was born.

(Date estimated by marriage date [1602] and age of oldest child; the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)

1591 – Thomas Smith was born.  

                        (Eccles Parish minutes of the vestry meetings; the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)

Dec 10, 1602 – William Pemberton married Ann (last name unknown).

                        (the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)

Jan 3, 1610 – Ralph Pemberton was born in Aspull, Wigan Parish, Lancashire, England.  He was the son of William and Ann Pemberton.

                        (the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)                     

Feb 23, 1611 – Thomas Smith married Ann Smith.  They were the parents of at least eight identified children.  Per records some of these children died young.   Margaret, Ellen, Alice, and John lived to adulthood.

(Eccles Parish Baptismal / Marriage / Death records; the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)

Jan 18, 1638 – Ann Smith dies.

(Eccles Parish Baptismal / Marriage / Death records; the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)

March 25, 1638 – Margaret Smith, daughter of Thomas & Ann Smith, gave birth to an illegitimate daughter named Ellen.  Per Eccles Parish BMD records, the father was John Pemberton. 

(Eccles Parish Baptismal / Marriage / Death records; the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)

January 1642 – The Protestation Oath of 1642 is put into effect.

In May 1641 the House of Commons acted to defend the Protestant Religion, Parliament, and the Crown against a perceived threat of 'Popery and Popish Innovations'. They prepared an oath of loyalty to be taken by all males of 18 years and over. Duly passed by the Protestant Peers in the House of Lords, the Protestation Oath was put in force in January 1642 (modern calendar) when the Speaker of the House of Commons instructed county sheriffs to take action. In February, 217 men from Atherton assembled at Leigh Parish Church and took the oath before John Atherton, the High Sheriff of Lancashire. One man refused the oath.

The names of the Allred men from Atherton who took (and refused) the Protestation Oath, as listed here, are extracted from Appendix 2 of "History of Atherton" by John Lunn, published by Atherton District Council in 1971.

The protestation returns can be used to estimate the population of Atherton at the time. One formula (W.B. Stephens 'Sources for English Local History') doubles the number to include adult women, and adds 40% for those under 18. Others suggest multiplying the number by 4. Thus, Atherton in 1642 would probably have had between 600 and 900 inhabitants. 
(Peter Wood, ENG-MANCHESTER-L@rootsweb.com)

 FirstName

 Surname

 Title

 Notes

 Henry

 Aldredd

 

 

 Edward

 Alredd

 

 

 Gilbte

 Alredd

 

 

 Henry

 Alredd

 

 

 John

 Alredd

 sen

 

 John

 Alredd

 Jun

 

 Nicholas

 Alredd

 

 

 Richard

 Alredd

 sen

 

 Richard

 Alredd

 jun

 

 Robte

 Alredd

 

 

 Willm

 Alredd

 

 

 Willm

 Alredd

 snr

 

 James

 Alrede

 

 

            Is not signing the Oath be the reason why John Allred became so impoverished?

1648 – Thomas Smith wrote his will in which he designated himself as the ‘parish clerke of the church of Eccles in the countie of Lancaster.’  He desired to be buried in the ‘churchyarde of Eccles’ at the discretion of his wife, children and friends.  The will was probated in 1649.  Per the will, Thomas Smith’s daughter, Margaret, seems to have been out of favor with her father, having given birth to an illegitimate daughter, Ellen Pemberton, ten years earlier, in 1638.

                        (the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)

Sept 2, 1648 – Ralph Pemberton marries Margaret Seddon, daughter of Thomas Seddon and Margaret Newton.

                        (the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)

January 20, 1650 – Phineas Pemberton, son of Ralph and Margaret Pemberton, is born.

(Personal letters in the Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society; the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)

August 3, 1655 – Joseph Pemberton, the 3 year old son of Ralph and Margaret Pemberton, dies.

(Personal letters in the Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society; the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin.)

1659 – John Allred and Ellen Pemberton marry.  Date estimated by the age of their oldest child.  They had at least 10 children: JOHN born 1 Nov 1660; 2. MARY born 9 Aug 1661; 3. WILLIAM baptized 3 Feb 1664/65; 4. ALICE b.c. 1668; 5. OWEN b.c. 1670; 6. PHINEAS, baptized 7 Nov 1672; 7. ENOCH baptized 16 Jun 1675; 8. THEOPHILUS baptized 4 Oct 1677; 9. ELLIN baptized 15 Jun 1679; and 10. SOLOMON baptized 12 Nov 1680.

                        (Eccles Parish Baptismal / Marriage / Death records)

February 10, 1660 – Ellen Allred is arrested for attending Quaker Meeting.

(Joseph Besse's Collection of Sufferings Vol. 1; Personal letters in the Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society; the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin;)

1661 – John and Ellen Allred are arrested for attending Quaker Meeting.

(Personal letters in the Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society; the report Allred/Smith/Pemberton Connections by Dawnell Griffin; The British Friend, FHS of Swarthmore College, PA)

1664 – Alice Pemberton, daughter of William & Ann Pemberton, is arrested for attending Quaker Meeting.

                        (Joseph Besse's Collection of Sufferings Vol. 1., p. 315)

1666 – James Harrison was imprisoned in the Castle of Chester, convicted of attending Quaker Meeting.

(Personal letters from James to his wife, Ann.  Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society.)

1669 – Phineas Pembertson and Roger Longworth are imprisoned at Lancaster Castle for attending Quaker Meetings. Phineas is 16 years old.

(Personal letters.  Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society.)

1673 – Phineas Pemberton imprisoned in Lancaster castle for refusing to take the oath of allegiance to the king and for attending Quaker meetings.

                        (Personal letters.  Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society.)

October 12, 1673 - We have indications of John Allred’s Presbyterian leanings from a book called “The Eccles Presbyterians 1662-1765,” which contains a list of members of the congregation of the Rev. Edmund Jones taken in 1673. The name John Allred of Pendleton is among those listed. John was also named in a list of those who attended an illegal Presbyterian service held by Rev. Jones at Lever’s barn on 12 Oct 1673. A man by the name of Boardman witnessed this religious service and later testified about it in court. In the proceedings, Boardman gave the following testimony.  

 “On the Twelth day of October laste being the Lords day, there was a conventicle or meeting in a Barne in the parish of Eccles within this County belonginge to one Alexander Lever of the same place, husbandman, where mett together under pretence of religious worshipp. These several persons following vis:-Mr. Edmund Jones of Barton a non-conformist minister and his wife…(a list of 45 members of the congregation followed, which included the name John Allred)…together with many more who were unknowne to this informer, All of them subjects of this Realme and above the age of sixteene years; he further saith that the said Mr. Jones did preach to them both ends of the day, and that the said Mr. Jones did not use the booke of Common prayer, accordinge to the Constitution of the Church of England.” 

(the report Allred of England and North Carolina presented at the Allred Reunion, September 7, 2002, by Michael Marshall)

January 1, 1676 – Phineas Pemberton marries Phoebe Harrison at the house of John Haydock in Coppull, Near Standish in Lancashire, England.

                        (Personal letters, Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society) 

November 2, 1678 – Phineas Pemberton writes a letter to his father, Ralph Pemberton, in which he writes: “Uncle J. Alred was here …..him suffer very begerly ……….”

                        (Vol. 1, page 88a, Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society)

September 18, 1680 – John Allred bought one parcel (of land?) from Phineas Pemberton.

(1674 – 1687 Account Book of Phineas Pemberton, Etting Collection Case, Pennsylvania Historical Society)

November 12, 1680 – Solomon Allred, the youngest son of John and Ellen Pemberton Allred, is baptized.

                        (Eccles Parish Baptismal / Marriage / Death records)

Sept 6, 1682 – The Ship Submission, owned by William Penn, sails from Liverpool, England.  It lands on the Choptank River, Maryland, America, November 2, 1682 after being blown off course by a tremendous storm (hurricane?).  Among the 6 families onboard were:  James Harrison, his wife Ann, his mother Agnes, and his daughter, Phoebe and husband Phineas Pemberton.  Also with them were Phineas’ father, Ralph Pemberton, and Phoebe & Phineas’ two children, Abigail and Phineas. 

(Personal letters and the Ship’s Log kept by Phineas Pemberton, Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society)

1683 – Thomas Janney (1634 – 1696), grandson of Randle Janney and Ellen Allrodd, comes to America.  His new home is located less than a mile from William Penn’s Pennsbury Manor. Neighbors include James Harrison, Phineas Pemberton, and R. Ridgeway (Ralph?)

(The Janney Journal, Vol IX, Issue 2, March 1994, Spruance Librray, Bucks County Historical Society, Doylestown, PA; 1687 map surveyed by Thomas Holme for William Penn.

May 1684 – Samuel Finley was born.  Research by others that have studied this Finley family, say he was born in May of 1684 in County Armagh in Ireland, the son of Robert Finley and Margaret Lauder who were married in 1680. Robert died there on 18 Jun 1712. You may remember that the Hollingsworth family also came from Armagh. It is also said that Samuel Finley had a daughter named Isabella who married James Patterson, son of James Patterson Sr. and Anne Corry. There was a James Patterson on the West Nottingham township tax lists at the same time as Samuel Finley, Jeremiah York, and Solomon Alred.

(the report Allred of England and North Carolina presented at the Allred Reunion, September 7, 2002, by Michael Marshall)

December 21, 1684 – Ellen Pemberton Allred dies.

(Parish Baptismal / Marriage / Death records of East Hardshaw MM, Manchester, England; Friends House Digest Register, Microfilm 128, Reel 16, FHS of Swarthmore College, PA)

January 16, 1686/7 – William Penn wrote to James Harrison:  “I have an eye to the man thou writt about with his family. But one John Aldred of Pendleton related to P. Pemberton that cam to me at Manchester to be helpt over on the terms I published for the poor.  I may do what I can for him.”  William Penn was considering helping John Allred and family come to America as indentured servants.

(Page 136, The Papers of William Penn, Vol 3, 1685 – 1700, Pennsbury Manor, Morrisville, PA)

September 29, 1686 – During Michaelmas a petition for relief (financial help) is filed for John Allred in Manchester, England.

(LANCASHIRE COUNTY QUARTER SESSIONS, Catalogue Ref. Q, Lancashire Quarter Sessions, PETITIONS, Manchester, Michaelmas, 1686. - ref. QSP/626, FILE - Pendleton -- relief for John Allred. ref.  QSP/626/4  - date: c1686)

 

Transcribed as written by Linda Allred Cooper:

To his Magistrates Justices of his Poor of All
the forswit Sessions:  All Manchester for said
county ____ of Lancashire
Those
Showd as your poore petitioner John Allred
of Pendolton ___ and in the parish if Eccles
and County aforesaid

                Showeth

That ye said poore petitioner having nothing
to maintain his family with but what
he can gett with his hand labouor,
having 4 litall children and his wife ready to be
down of ye said 5, I not being able to pay kone (coin)
for a house, and ye said Church wardon and
Overseer of ye said poore have denied to pay for it
my landlord hathe put down my house
over my head, so ye am put by my
imployment, my humble petition his ye said good
worships would thou _____ of my ______
condition in helping me to a house for my
wife and ye said kost of us And liked to starve
for want of an habytation of house to
dwell in and ye said petitioner will ever pray
____ ­­­___ habitation. 

LANCASHIRE COUNTY QUARTER SESSIONS,

Catalogue Ref. Q, Lancashire Quarter Sessions,

PETITIONS, Manchester, Michaelmas, 1686. - ref. QSP/626
FILE - Pendleton -- relief for John Allred. - ref.  QSP/626/4  - date: c1686

July 17, 1687 – Ralph Pemberton dies at age 76.

(Pemberton family records, Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society; Pemberton Family Cemetery at Pennsbury Manor, Bucks County, PA.)

November 11, 1695 – John Allred writes to Phineas Pemberton asking for financial help so he can bring his family to Pennsylvania. 

                         (Vol. 2, page 115, Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society)

Transcribed as written by Dawnell Griffin:

Manchestor November 11th .95 [1695]
loving cosen  my kind love to you   I have the leter that you sent to Ralf
ridgham and I reseaved too lettors from you before and sent ansers to them
but you [you] never reseaved them   this is to let you understand   we are
all in good helth at this present writing thanks be to god for it but my
eldest son phinease is gon for a soulder 2 yrs ago and my neglecting cuming
was becaus my mother was alive then and I was not willing to leave her but
now mee and my wife and my suns are all willing to cum to you asking god
love and desire you to send an answer to Ralfe ridgeham with speed and
please let mee kno how I shall have your good asistens for I am not able to
fund of myself   my sun Owen is going of around 20 yers of age and
Theophiles is 19 and Sollomon 16 yers of age soe no more at present  I rest
your loving cosen till deth   John Allred

October 20, 1696 – Phoebe Pemberton dies.  She was only 36 years old.

(Pemberton family records, Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society; Pemberton Family Cemetery at Pennsbury Manor, Bucks County, PA.)

Midsummer 1699 – The Overseers of the Poor of Middle Hulton, Lancashire, apply for Settlement of John Allred, his new wife (pregnant), and four children. 

Transcribed as written by Dawnell Griffin:

Inasmuch as Compst [compensation] hath been made unto us this day by
you the overseers of the Poor of Over Hilton that John Allred with his
wife & family are lately come unto the aforesd towne of Over Hilton = =
Endeavoring there to Inhabitt & Gaine _____  renting Tenn
Pounds ___ nor ___ given severily But are likely to become
enchargeable to the sd Towne of Ovr Hiltin if not timely presented by their
speedy removeall into Middle Hilton which Appeares unto us to be the place
of their last Legall settlemt.
These are therefore to Authorize & require you forthwith upon Receipt
thereof to remove & convey the sd John Allrd with his wife & family to Middle=
Hilton aforesd where they were last legally settled as aforesd And them
there John A. to the Church Wardens & Overseers of the Poor or some one of them Altogether with a Copy of this ord.r who are hereby required them to Receive & Abide for according to Law hereof . . . all the bills Given under our hands & seals

att Bolton the 9th Daye of June Anno Dom 1699

Thomas Sever
To the Churchwardens & Overseers of the
Poor of Over Hilton And to the churchwardens
& Overseersof the Poor of Middle Hilton
aforesd     ...

LANCASHIRE COUNTY QUARTER SESSIONS, Catalogue Ref. Q,
Lancashire Quarter Sessions, PETITIONS, Manchester, Midsummer 1699. - ref. QSP/833
FILE - Over Hulton and Middle Hulton -- settlement of John Allred. - ref.
QSP/833/50  - date: c1699

March 1, 1701 – Phineas Pemberton dies.   He was 52 years old.

(Pemberton family records, Pemberton Collection, Pennsylvania Historical Society; Pemberton Family Cemetery at Pennsbury Manor, Bucks County, PA.)

1703 – Abigail, daughter of Phineas Allred, is Christened.  Phineas is the son of John and Ellen Pemberton Allred.

                         (Eccles Parish Baptismal / Marriage / Death records)

July 7, 1717 – Thomas, son of Theophilus Allred, is Christened.  Theophilus is the son of John and Ellen Pemberton Allred.  Thomas dies in November 1717.

                         (Eccles Parish Baptismal / Marriage / Death records)

1718 – Samuel Finley appears on tax lists for the first time in West Nottingham Township, Chester County, PA.  Finley is also listed on the 1719, 1720, 1721, 1722, (no list exists for 1723), and 1726.

1718 – Jeremiah York first appears on tax lists for West Nottingham Township, Chester County, PA.  Jeremiah appears on these same tax lists between 1718 – 1729. 

January 15, 1721 – Jeremiah York is devised personal property (a “cow calf”) in the will of John Wilson of Cecil County, MD.  The will was proved April 7, 1722.  Currently we have no clues as to the relationship between John Wilson and Jeremiah York.

                         (Cecil County, MD records; Michael Marshall notes.)

1724 – Solomon Allred, Samuel Finley and Jeremiah York are listed on the West Nottingham Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania Tax List.  Randall Janney owned one of the West Nottingham lots.  Randall's mother was Margaret Heath Janney, sister of Ann Heath Harrison, wife of James Harrison (Phineas Pemberton's in-laws). 

Per the Delaware Quaker Records, Early Members of Northern New Castle County), another Randle Janney, son of Thomas and Jane Worthington Janney, married Ellen Alrodd on July 14, 1602.  Their grandson, Thomas Janney, came to America in 1683.   Some very interesting coincidences and possible family connections that need more research.

1726 – Elizabeth York “marries out of unity”.

                         (Minutes for New Garden MM, Chester County, PA)

                                     This in interesting because Jeremiah York is the only York listed on tax lists for this time period – and he would have been old enough to have been Elizabeth’s father.  Was Elizabeth Jeremiah’s daughter?  Another interesting  coincidence is that we think Solomon Allred  may have been the father of at least some of the Allred men who came to North Carolina – and they were born in the late 1720’s and early 1730’s. Was Elizabeth York the wife of Solomon Allred?  Does this explain the close relationship between the Allreds and the Yorks?

March 11, 1727 – Theophilus Allred, son of John & Ellen Pemberton Allred, dies. 

                         (Eccles Parish Baptismal / Marriage / Death records)

1730 – Solomon Allred is listed on the West Nottingham Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania Tax List.

August 6, 1732 – Henry, son of Jeremiah York, is born at Pipe Creek, Prince George’s County, Maryland.

                         (a book on old southern Bible records by Memory Aldridge Lester)

October 25, 1736 – Jeremiah York lived on the 1,200 acre Browning tract which today is located at the south end of Jefferson County, West Virginia, Highway 7 on the Potomac River. 

(Frederick County, VA, land records; Pioneers of Old Frederick County, VA by Cecil O’Dell, Handley Library, Winchester, VA)

October 16, 1737 - Samuel Finley left Chester County, Pennsylvania and moved to Prince George’s County, Maryland, where he died in 1737 leaving only an oral or nuncupative will. It was dated 16 Oct 1737, and it was proved in court on 2 Feb 1737/38. In his will, Finley leaves his entire estate to "JOHNNY ALDRIDGE" but does not say who this Johnny Aldridge is, or where he lived. Henry Enoch and Joseph Metcalf witnessed the will. I (Mike Marshall) won’t go into it here, but I can show this Enoch family was well acquainted with Jeremiah York in old Frederick County, Virginia.  Jeremiah York sold his land in old Frederick County, Virginia to a William Chapline. It turns out that William’s brother, Joseph Chapline, was named as executor of Samuel Finley’s estate during the administration proceedings. Chapline began settling Finley’s estate with an appraisal dated 15 Mar 1738 and proved in court on 29 Jun 1738. The appraisers were Johannes Noll and John More. Thomas Wale and William Norris were named as creditors. There were two inventories taken of the estate. The first was dated 24 Jun 1738 and proved in court 31 May 1739. A second was proved on 24 June 1739 and it shows payments to a number of individuals including Joseph Medcalfe, Henry Enoch, and William Norris. It is stated in the inventory that there were no known heirs. In this court proceeding, there was testimony that Samuel Finley had been charged by a Joseph Evans, in Oppeckon, County of Orange, with stealing a horse in Chester County, Pennsylvania in 1735. The reference to Oppeckon, County of Orange, is to that part of Orange County, Virginia that later became old Frederick County, Virginia, and Oppeckon refers to a creek near present-day Winchester, Virginia.  

The administration of Samuel Finley’s estate in Maryland took some time because we find a court proceeding of 23 Jun 1741 which ordered payments from the estate to a number of creditors including Thomas Wale and Robert Finley, who was probably Samuel’s brother. Joseph Chapline was again the administrator.

So, who was the “Johnny Aldridge” to whom Finley left his entire estate? We don’t know for sure, but it appears likely he was living in Chester County, Pennsylvania in the late 1730s at which time he was still a minor. We know this from a court proceeding which Joseph Chapline instituted in an Orphan’s Court proceeding held in Chester County, Pennsylvania on 30 May 1738. In this proceeding, Chapline set forth a petition to the court which was worded as follows:  

"JOHN ALDRED having petitioned the Court Setting forth that being a minor and a Considerable Estate being left him by SAM'L FFINLEY which if not timely taken care of may Suffer very much and therefore prays to be Admitted to Chuse his Guardian which is allowed of and the minor Nominating JOSEPH CHAPLAIN of Prince George’s in the province of Maryland who is hereby Admitted to prosecute & defend all Suits pleas and actions for and in the acct of the S'd Minor as the Law directs."

So, the man called “Johnny Aldridge” in Finley’s Maryland will was actually a young boy named John Aldred who probably lived in or near West Nottingham township in Chester County. And it appears that Joseph Chapline may have been appointed his guardian. Perhaps he moved back to Maryland with Chapline since he became the court appointed guardian.

(Frederick County, VA, land records; Prince George’s County, MD, Court records; the report Allred of England and North Carolina presented at the Allred Reunion, September 7, 2002, by Michael Marshall)

March 28, 1738 - Joseph Chapline, in his capacity as executor of Finley’s estate, filed an action of debt against a Joseph Evans of Cecil County, MD.  In this action, it was reported that Samuel Finley was charged by Joseph Evans, in Oppecon County of Orange, with stealing a horse in Chester County, PA in 1735.  The reference to Oppeckon County of Orange is to that part of Orange County, VA later split into old Frederick County, VA and Oppeckon refers to a creek near present-day Winchester, VA.  Possibly coincidence, but the Frederick County, MD records (Liber F:268-268) note that a Robert Evins recorded a supersedeas on 24 Oct 1740 against a William Alred, Thomas Keley and Joseph Tomlinson, and Alred was ordered to pay 4 pounds, 6 shillings, 9 pence by 16 June 1750.

                        (Notes from Michael Marshall, Dec. 2001)

August 17, 1747 – Elizabeth, the oldest child of John Allred, was born in North Carolina.  The date comes from her tombstone.  (Elizabeth is buried with her husband, William Horner, at Bent Creek Church Cemetery, Whitesburg, Hamblen County, TN.)  Per Horner family records, Elizabeth was born in the Hillsborough District, Orange County, NC.  A portion of Hillsborough District later became Randolph County.  

                        (Horner family records on file in the Randolph Room, Asheboro, NC; Everett Turner http://eturner.com/Horner)

                         

June 7, 1751 – Jeremiah York received a Fairfax grant for 323 acres of the NE-most part of the Browning tract. However, York sold this property a couple of years later to a William Chapline. This was on 4 Jul 1753. In the deed, he was called Jeremiah York Sr. The chain carriers on the survey were THOMAS YORK and DAVIS YORK, probably sons. The name JOHN YORK also appears in the records of "old" Frederick County, Virginia when he and Thomas were chain carriers in a survey of a tract on Opeckon Creek made in 1763. His son Jeremiah Jr. was living on an adjacent tract on 13 Jul 1773 when Joseph Mitchell received a Fairfax grant "on Great Cacepehon" which is a river in what is now Hampshire County, West Virginia.

(Frederick County, VA, land records; the report Allred of England and North Carolina presented at the Allred Reunion, September 7, 2002, by Michael Marshall)

March 10, 1752 – Solomon Aldricks receives two land grants in North Carolina.  Note how the name was spelled.  However, the land description states the 2nd tract was located at the mouth of Sandy Creek on Deep River – the same land Solomon Allred sold in 1771.

(Anson/Bladen County land records [abstract], NC Genealogy Library, Raleigh, NC) 

March 10, 1752 – Hugh Lockin and Valentine Hollingsworth received land grants on the same day Solomon did.  The man called Hugh Lockin in the grant was actually Hugh Laughlin who was born about 1715 in Ireland. He married Mary Harlan in Kennett Township in Chester County, Pennsylvania.  Mary was born 26 Feb 1717.  Valentine Hollingsworth was the husband of Elizabeth Harlan, so he and Laughlin were related through their Harlan wives. Valentine was the grandson of another Valentine Hollingsworth who came from County Armagh, Ireland in 1682 and settled in New Castle County, Delaware.  

(Anson/Bladen County land records [abstract], NC Genealogy Library, Raleigh, NC)

October 2, 1752 – William Alred sells land to Charles Higginbotham in Frederick County, Maryland.  Per the deed, the land is called Allred Purchase and is “eight acres of land  [?] the same more or less part of the aforesaid tract called Bedlam Green, Also one other tract of land part of Piles Delight... which after a metes and bounds description says 117 acres more or less.”   Interestingly, this tact is just opposite Jeremiah York’s “Terrapin Neck” tract.  The Potomac River is not wide here, so Jeremiah York and this William Alred were very close neighbors.   Also living in this same area of Frederick County, MC was William Trogdon, probable son of Thomas and Mary Trogdon, whose birth is recorded in the records of All Hallow’s Parish, Anne Arundel County, MD on August 20, 1695.  William Trogdon later lived in the Cedar Falls area of Randolph County, NC, where he died in 1805 and is buried in the Allred-Trogdon Cemetery along with William Allred. 

(Research by Teri Cochran Allred and Michael Marshall; Frederick County, MD land records.)

July 4, 1753 – William Chapline, Jr. purchased 323 acres from Jeremiah York, Sr., acreage being Fairfax grant land in the northeast corner of Terrapin Neck on the Potomac River.

(Pioneers of Old Frederick County, VA by Cecil O’Dell, Handley Library, Winchester, VA)

March 15, 1755 – John Allred received a North Carolina land grant for 640 acres on the east side of Deep River on the mouth of Pleasant Run of Sandy Run; includes his and Thomas Alldrid’s improvements". Note John’s last name was spelled "Allrid" and Thomas’s last name was spelled "Alldrid". By following the land transactions from 1755 to 1792, we have proven that John and Thomas’ last names were actually "Allred".  

             Remember, John’s oldest child, Elizabeth, was said to have been born in 1747 in North Carolina per Horner family records.  This combined with the description on the land grant that states the grant includes their “improvements” leads us to believe the Allreds were living in North Carolina several years before receiving their land grants – possibly as early as the mid 1740’s. 

(Orange County land records, NC Archives; the report The Originals written by

Linda Allred Cooper in September 2001)

March 15, 1755 – Herman Husband receives a land grant with the description:

640 acres on the head of a branch of Sandy Creek called Mount Pleasant on the east side of Deep River including a cabin built by Solomon Allred and claimed by Zach. Martin.  Entered 15 Mar 1755 "In Lieu of an Entry made the 14 Nov 1754"

Surveyed 2 May 1755

(Orange County land records, NC Archives; the book Orange County Records, Volume I, Granville Proprietary Land Office, Abstracts of Loose Papers,  page 12, edited by William D. Bennett.  This book is on file in the Genealogy Room of the NC State Archives.)

August 1, 1760 – Solomon Allred receives a land grant with the description:

1 August 1760, Solomon Alred, planter, ten shillings, both sides of the mouth of Sandy Cr., begin at a hickory by Deep R. on Hopkin's line, along his line N 30 ch. to his cor. black oak, N 25 ch. to a hickory, E cross Sandy Cr. 60 Ch. to a white oak, S 80 ch. to a red oak, mulberry, and elm by Deep R., up river to beginning, 400 acres, sixteen shillings rent per year, surveyed 16 October 1759, George Julian and John Alred, CC. (SSLG 83-C) (Ed. note:  see N. C. Patent Book 14:327).  

Note this land is located in the exact same location as the land he received the grant for in 1752.  Or – was the 1752 grant for an older Solomon – possibly the father of this Solomon – and now the son is taking possession of the land?

(book Orange County Records, Vol. V, Granville Proprietary Land Office, Deeds and Surveys, 1752-1760, page 131, edited by William D. Bennett, C. G., on file in the Genealogy Room of the NC State Archives, Raleigh, NC.)

December 11, 1762 – William Allred registers a land grant.  Note William Allred, Sr. was listed as a chain carrier for the survey.  Was this the father of the William Allred who received the land grant?

(page 242 of the book The Granville District of North Carolina 1748-1763, Abstracts of Land Grants, Volume Two written by Margaret M. Hofmann; and NC Archives land grant records.)

Of Special Interest:

Take a close look at the signatures below.  They are just alike.  The one on the left is the “mark” of the William Allred who sold land to Charles Higginbotham in Maryland in 1752.  The “mark” on the right is the signature of the William Allred who received a land grant in North Carolina in 1762. 

 

 

 

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