Smith/ Pemberton Connections
search for our Allred ancestry continues, and I would like to express
appreciation to all those who have contributed and who are in the process of
joining this effort to extend our ancestral lines.
Family History and Genealogical research can at times be discouraging, we can
be grateful for the progress that has been made towards our goal of
identifying our progenitors and in correcting some mistakes that have long
is obvious to those of us who are engaged in this effort, that mistakes will
continue to be made, but “the last word,” is the one we have most recently
said that much, I will attempt to present at least a portion of the
documentation we do now have and to make a few statements that may give some
satisfaction, at least until we are of a better opinion. In other words,
though we do not have absolute proof, the records we do have are sufficient
for us to promote our hypothesis.
would like to begin by giving some background information on the Parish of
Eccles, in Lancashire, England.
1864 there was printed a manuscript of the Ancient Parish Church of Eccles,
in which it was stated that “Eccles” was a derivative of Ecclesia, or the
Latin word for church. The advowson was originally the gift of the Barton
family, lords of the manor of Barton-upon-Irwell. At the dissolution of the
Monasteries in 1539, the advowson
was vested in the crown, where apparently it remains to this day.
appears that there were four chantries founded in Eccles Church, three of them
by the Booths of Barton and the fourth by Sir Geoffrey Massey of Worsley.
In 1849, it was stated that “formerly the churchyard was more
confined. One early head stone
over the remains of Jane Holden read:
lies Jone’s [John’s] wife Jane,
so, I am certain, he did. Concerning
the Glebe, there was a vicar’s acre, in 1663, two new fields on the east
side of Mr. Valentine’s land of Beancliffe, the barn field, the kiln croft,
the hemp croft, the Jackson croft, and the Christ Croft. There was one
orchard, two gardens, the vicarage house with fifteen rooms including the
kitchen, the parlour, the great parlour, the buttery, the milk-house etc.
There was a cow-house, a vicarage barn with four bays, one little hen
house and a swine stye.
due the vicarage in that year was exacted from Robert Hobson, James Nailor,
Elizabeth Lowe, Ann Wallwork, Richard Parren, Giles Seddon, William Smith,
Lawrence Hampson, Ralph Bayley, Richard Nicholas, Thomas Sharples and John
Stipend [the vicar’s wages] was payable at the Annunciation of the Blessed
Virgin Mary and St. Michael the Archangel by even portions of a little over 16
pounds per year. Robert Hartley
was the vicar.
information becomes increasingly more valuable when we realize that the Parish
Clerk was Thomas Smith, who was possibly one of our direct line ancestors.
Smith was born about 1591, probably in Eccles, Lancashire, England. The
minutes of the vestry meetings give mention of Thomas Smith.
July, 1622. - It was consented, covenanted and agreed unto, by the Right
Worshipful and Worshipful of the parish of Eccles, with the Vicar and
Churchwardens for the time being, whose names are hereafter specified, on
behalf of the whole parish, on the one party, and Thomas Smith, parish clerk,
of the same parish, on the other party as followeth:
that the said Thomas Smith, or whosoever shall be clerk for the time being,
shall from time to time and at all times from henceforth, when need shall
require, collect and gather throughout the whole parish all such sums of money
as shall be requisite and expedient for the buying of bread and wine for the
several communions when and as often as they shall be warned and appointed.
That the Clerk, shall do all such services as have been accustomed to be done
by the parish clerk, or [as] shall be by law required.
cottage throughout the parish was to pay a penny a year to the clerk. If they
refused, or did not pay within the 14 days allotted for payment, then it was
the duty of the Parish Clerk to report their names to the church wardens, who
in turn made it a matter of recourse according to law.
only notation made during the tenure of Thomas Smith ( in this printed
account) was that on the 4th of April, 1639, Dorothy, the widow of
Richard Brereton, Esquire, died.
did not live long enough to serve under the iron hand of Cromwell and the
Commonwealth, when four magistrates published the banns of marriage and those
marriages were performed by justices instead of clergymen.
Smith was married to Ann Smith on the 23rd of February, 1611 in
Eccles Parish. They were the parents of at least eight identified children.
Two of those children, that we know of, died young. At least Margaret,
Ellen, Alice, and John lived to adulthood.
On the 18th of January, 1638, Ann Smith died.
A year later, Thomas was married to Mary, widow of Adam Leaver. Mary
had at least one son by her previous marriage, Alexander Leaver, born about
1634. By Thomas, she had three
children, Mary, Eleanor and Thomas. Only
Mary appears to have survived her father.
1648, Thomas wrote his will in which he designated himself as the ‘parish
clerke of the church of Eccles in the countie of Lancaster.’
He desired to be buried in the ‘churchyarde of Eccles’ at the
discretion of his wife, children and friends. He mentioned that he held land
in a messuage tenement or cottage with ‘housinge, edifices, buildinges,
yardes, gardens, backyards’ etc. [original spellings], that he held by lease
from his landlord, Richard Edge.
his wife, Mary, kept herself unmarried and if she continued to live seven
years then she was to have her full one third part of his estate. If
perchance, she acted in an “unchast” manner then he assigned his son John
Smith to assume the responsibility of seeing that the legacies designated in
his will, were to be distributed.
the time of his death, Thomas held an estate in two pieces of land one called
highest Smithkye and the other the higher end of the ‘Broome Back’
containing two acres. Both these pieces of ground lay within Eccles parish.
The latter he had by grant from the executors of John Gooden, who had been
deceased for six years. Mary was
to maintain the use of this property to her profit until such time as she
deceased or was re-married.
forgave the debt of his daughter Ellen, the wife of George Alderofte, in the
amount of four pounds. With that
bequest she was to buy her apparel and other necessaries. (I assume for the
purpose of attending his funeral.)
addition he left a legacy to his son John, and daughters Alice and Mary Smith.
He gave his sister, Jane Davy five shillings and he bequeathed to Alexander
Leaver, his step-son, five pounds. Witnesses to his will were John Tongs,
vicar of Eccles and Richard Worseley. The
will was probated in 1649.
Smith’s daughter, Margaret, seems to have been out of favor with her father,
having given birth to an illegitimate daughter, Ellen Pemberton, ten years
earlier, in 1638.
Smith, Thomas Smith’s wife, appears to have pursued what her former husband
termed ‘unchast’ behavior as she was married a third time.
According to her step-son, John Smith’s will, Mary was married to
Ellice [Ellis] Hulton after the death of her second husband.
On the 16th of Nov 1656, John Smith, Inn holder and son of
Thomas Smith (clerk of Eccles Parish), wrote his will.
He stated that he held a lease from his “kinde and Lovinge Landlord
Richard Edge of Ollenforest in Worseley in the said countie of Lancaster
yeoman for and duringe the tearme of the lief and lyves naturall of me the
said John Smyth and of Mary nowe wief of Ellice Hulton and formerlie the wief
of Thomas Smyth deceased my late father and the longer lyver of me and her the
said Mary for and under the yearelie rent of tenne shillinges payable at
Christmas & midsomer by even portions.”
the time of the writing of his will, apparently John’s wife, Margaret, was
expecting a child. Having no way of knowing whether it was a son or daughter,
he nevertheless made provision for the child that was soon to be born.
Smith and Margaret Newton were married the 5th of October, 1650,
but apparently either they had no previous children, or they had failed to
survive. Further research
Pemberton, was born the 25th of Mar 1638, in Eccles Parish,
Lancashire, England. The parish
record states that she was the illegitimate daughter of John Pemberton and
Margaret Smith. Having searched the Eccles Parish registers for clues as to
the parentage of Margaret Smith, it seems likely at this point that she was
the daughter of Thomas and Ann Smith of Eccles Parish, the same who was the
parish clerk from 1622 and who died. 6 Feb 1648. Had he lived, Thomas would
have been even more displeased with a grandchild who turned her back on the
Anglican Church and associated herself with a group of people who called
themselves Quakers or Friends and refused to pay homage to the Church of
England in either manner or stipend.
Allred and Ellen Pemberton were married in about 1659. They were the parents
of nine children.
1892 Walter K. Watkins wrote a book he entitled, The Pemberton Family,
in which he states that the family of that name derived its name from the
chapelry of that name in the parish of Wigan, in the hundred of West Derby,
county of Lancaster, England.
to the English Surnames Series Vol. IV the Surnames of Lancashire, by Richard
McKinley, Pemberton is a village within the parish of Wigan which was first
noted in 1201, and is considered to be British in origin. “The surname or
bye-name de Pemberton or de Penberton, derived from the place-name, has first
been found in the early 13th century.”
first man identified in the first half of the 13th century was Adam
de Pemberton who was a landowner at Pemberton. Ralph de Pemberton, who was
deceased by 1236 held land at Pemberton.
Other names which occur until the 1300's were William, John, Hugh,
Roger, and Henry. William de
Pemberton was the son of Adam who had at least sons, William, John and Hugh.
The article states that by the year 1350 the surname had become
widespread and that the 16th and 17th centuries there
were numerous Pembertons listed in the registers of Walton on the Hill,
Childwall, West Derby and in Liverpool. One family of Pemberton held land at
Aspull during the late 16th and 17th centuries and in
Winwick parish to the south of Wigan. The name was also common in Halsall
parish but by the time the 1642 Protestation Returns for Salford Hundred were
brought in, there were only three persons named Pemberton on the list.
Therefore, states McKinley, “Outside West Derby Hundred the surname seems to
have uncommon in the 17th century....Pemberton as a surname after
being in its early history largely confined to the Wigan area, spread during
the 14th century to the townships around Liverpool.”
is to Wigan that we look for our first link to the Pemberton family and our
first claim to accuracy is a connection to the family of William Pemberton who
was born in about 1580, presumably in Wigan, Lancashire, England.
He was married to Ann [last name not known] on the 10th of
has been printed in various sources that William and Ann were the parents of
children Ralph, Ellin, Margery and Alice, however, it is our claim that the
Ellin so referred to in these many sources, was in fact, Ellin the daughter of
John Pemberton and Margaret Smith, referred to above.
It is much more likely that Ralph and John Pemberton were brothers as
per following documents.
only are there various Pemberton family lines in England, but there are
several different lines in the New World as well.
There has never been any proof, for example, to connect the Pembertons
of Pennsylvania with the Pembertons of Massachusetts.
do know that Ralph Pemberton, son of William and Ann, was a practicing Quaker,
as was his surviving son, Phineas Pemberton.
Pemberton was born 3rd of January, 1610 in Aspull, Wigan Parish,
Lancashire, England. He was
married to Margaret Seddon on the 2nd of September, 1648, the same
year that Thomas Smith, clerk of the parish of Eccles left his will.
Seddon was the daughter of Thomas Seddon and Margaret Newton.
If there is a connection between this Margaret Newton and the Margaret
Newton who married John Smith, I have not yet discovered it.
have record of only two children for Ralph and Margaret Seddon Pemberton,
Phineas born the 20th of January 1650, and Joseph.
Apparently Phineas was the only child of this couple to survive. Joseph
Pemberton died on the 3rd of August 1655.
He was three years old.
or Ellen Pemberton, appears to be the only surviving child of John Pemberton
and Margaret Smith. That would
appear to be another reason for these two first cousins, Phineas and Ellen,
to have established a familial relationship, in addition to the fact
that were both staunch proponents of the Quaker Faith that flourished in
during the time period in which they were growing to maturity.
of those who professed to be of the people called Quakers, appears to have
begun in the year 1654 when John Lawson, a shopkeeper in Lancaster, was set in
the stocks for four hours.
year following Ellin’s marriage to John Allred, she was arrested and jailed
for attending Quaker Meetings. Her
husband, John, was arrested the following year, 1661, for the same offense.
1660, Soldiers with drawn swords and cocked pistols came to the meeting of the
Quakers in the Lancaster District and arrested approximately 30 people. One of
those arrested at Wray in Lancaster County, was William Edmondson. William was
born in 1627 in Westmoreland but because of his journey to Ireland in 1652
where he conducted business in Lurgan, he was referred to as “the Quaker
apostle of Ireland.”
Manchester John Abraham, Isaac Mosse, Abraham Garside, Jonathan
Bradshaw, John Burgess, Mary Ridgway, Mary Poole, Elizabeth
Owen, and Elizabeth Fletcher were arrested and committed to prison.
10 Feb 1660 for attending Quaker Meetings were Richard Madder, Ed Dawson, Nehemiah
Pool, Arther Walker, Hannah Taylor, Mary Mosse, and Ellen Allred.
There can be no question that Ellen Allred was acquainted with the Quaker
members of the Manchester MM.
Edmondson settled in West Nottingham, Chester County Pennsylvania and is the
progenitor of the Edmondson family of that county as well as those who settled
in Cecil County, Maryland, York, and Allegheny Counties, Pennsylvania. [For
further information on this family, contact this author.]
1663, George Fox and Margaret Fell were committed to the Lancaster Castle.
Both were noted Quaker preachers.
Pemberton, in 1664, was committed to the House of Correction for three months,
for attending Quaker worship. (Besse’s Suffering, 1., p. 315) It is
purported that this is Alice, daughter of William and Ann Pemberton, and a
sister to Ralph and John Pemberton. The following year, Phineas Pemberton
moved to Manchester when he was just fifteen years old.
1666, James Harrison was imprisoned in the Castle of Chester, incident to his
having attended meetings held by the Quakers.
From his prison cell on the 26th of the 8th
months he wrote to his wife:
dear and right dearly beloved wife...for thy reverent, courteous behaviour in
gesture and words towards me...a real acknowledgment of thy spiritual and
lively testimony that breaks and tenders my heart, I rest thy very loving
husband.” She wrote back that nothing could separate them.
years after that, James and Ann Harrison removed from Cheshire County to
Lancashire, where Phineas Pemberton undoubtedly became acquainted with their
Pemberton and Roger Longworth were imprisoned in 1669 in Lancaster Castle for
attendance at religious meetings. Phineas was sixteen years old.
the age of 20, Phineas was apprenticed
to John Abraham, a grocer in Manchester. That same year, he was, again,
imprisoned in Lancaster castle for refusing to take the oath of allegiance to
the king and for attending Quaker meetings.
Pemberton married Phoebe Harrison on the 1st of January, 1776 at
the house of John Haydock in Coppull, Near Standish in Lancashire, England.
Ralph Pemberton removed to
marriage entry in the minute of the MM read:
Pemberton of Boulton in the moores in the County of Lancaster grocer And Phebe
Harrison daughter of James Harrison of Boulton aforesaid tooke oath other in
marriage in a publick assembly mett together for that end and purpose in the
house of John Haydock of Coppull in the said County the first day of the
Eleventh month Anno Dom: 1676, In the presence of Ralph Pemberton Roger
Longworth Ann Harrison. Signed: James Harrison, John Abraham, William Yardley,
John Bancroft, Isaac Ashton, Richard Buggan, Elizabeth Johnson, Elizabeth
Hodgson, Elizabeth Haydock with others.
microfilm copy of this document from the FHL in Salt Lake City appears to be a
transcription of the original which is undoubtedly in the CRO in Lancashire,
England. I cannot help but wonder
if some of the “others” would include the names of John and Ellen
[Pemberton] Allred. Finding the
original document is a future project.
the 9th of November, James Harrison was preaching at a meeting in
his own house when the constables came with a warrant from Thomas Laver and
John Kenyon, justices, and made a seizure of leather and other goods to the
value of 10 pounds 19 shillings. Phineas Pemberton and his wife were at the
meeting and had goods taken from him to the value of 4 pounds 25 shilling 4d.
At the time, Phineas and Phoebe were living at Stiall-Green, in Cheshire.
is probable that sometime during this time period, Phineas
wrote the following letter to his father, Ralph:
duty to you rememberd this is to acquaint ... ye ... first day I & several
others were att a meeting att Neamiah Pools & there came in the wardens
& the constable & took us into the town hall & there kept us all
the after noone then after the S... was done there came by
so called but there is butt littel justes in them
There was littel done at night so were had afore them one .. other
morning as palbearer here of concell more at ... in the witinus was maid so
either to guide in bond to apeare att the cessions or go to Lancaster aboute
the 3 day of February so my mistress hath a greate desire to see you this
weeke but bee not you troubled att it for I am very well contented....
hands, you to be here this weeke because its is my mistores desire
So with my deare love to Ant & Ellin & the rest of friends
& neighbors I rest your dutyfull son
this is the same Nehemiah Pool with whom Ellen Pemberton Allred was arrested
in 1660, and the Ellen to whom Phineas refers in this letter.
additional information on this family and a copy of the letter written by John
Allred of Manchester in Lancashire, England to Phineas Pemberton of Bucks
County, Pennsylvania, refer to Issue No. 54 page 3
of the Allred Family Newsletter. To
The Advowson was the right to make an ecclesiastical appointment.
In most cases it was the right of the Lord of the Manor to appoint
the local vicar etc. In the
case of Eccles, the Crown retained that right after the dissolution of the